The social experience of aging with a chronic illness: Perspectives of older adults with multiple sclerosis’ (Fong 1), is well laid out from the top to the bottom, it has a nice structure from the subheading to the references. To start with, it has an articulated subheading with lowercases apart from the begging words ‘The and Perspectives’, which appear at the begging of the sentence. All the researchers are indicated below the heading in uppercase. The article well detailed and comprehensive abstract, which contains the purpose of the study, the method used results of the analysis, and the conclusion. The phenomenon to be studied is clearly identified in the abstract as the ‘purpose’ of the study. The purpose of the study is precise but detailed enough to highlight the objective of the paper. It has a clear statement that reflects the entire paper.
Markedly, the article has two research questions at the end of the introduction. One research question seeks to identify the factors that influence the social experiences of persons aging with MS. The second research question identifies the effects of social experiences on individuals aging with MS. Arguably, the research question and the aspects of interest in the article are consistent. This is because the methodology includes a scrutiny of data that is a component of the exploratory study, using a phenomenological approach that focuses on the service needs and health concerns of older adults with MS (Multiple Sclerosis). Markedly, the report uses a phenomenological approach that focuses on the service and health concerns of older adults, as indicated in the research question.
The literature review is detailed and comprehensive enough and gives a background of the subject ‘Multiple Sclerosis’. I find the literature review very informative mainly because of its high quality. For instance, it gives a background of the subject matter in the beginning. It also has a solid base study of a projected 400,000 people in the U.S of ages between 20 to 50 years (Fong 1). In the study, the author given full details of the disorder, how it affects people, how people perceive it, and its effect in the society. However, the study is not dated; it is open and dateless, which would suggest that either the authors forgot to include the dates, or they chose not to include them.
Despite lacking dates, the literature review coherently supports the need of the study. For instance, the qualitative case study investigates the lived experience of ten persons between the age of 40 and 59 with the relapse form of MS. Successively; the research identifies a number of potential outcomes of social support. It has also outlined various aspects of social support that are considered to be detrimental or beneficial to adaptation to MS. From my point of view, the study goes into details and identifies a conceptual framework to support the study.
With regard to methodology, the interview that was conducted followed the right guidelines and procedures. The design was descriptive and cross-sectional. Its protocol was approved after the Institutional Review Board of Illinois University in Chicago reviewed it. In addition, the participants were fully aware of the exercise because they were initially recruited through unique strategy of convenience sampling. Therefore, a registered and established body ‘IRB’ ensured that participants were first made to know the procedures they would undertake. After being informed of the study and the procedures, the participants agreed to proceed with the interview. However, the article does not state the actual steps that were taken to protect participants in the study. It appears that before the interview, these participants were notified of their protection because the interviews were conducted at the participants’ homes.
The study used a qualitative approach where twenty-seven interviews were imported and transcribed into a qualitative analysis software program. Markedly, there was no explanation given in using the qualitative study. In addition, there is no autonomy or confidentiality that is guaranteed of the participants. Based on the research, I find the approach appropriate for the research because it the entire research including the interviews was successfully carried out. In the qualitative research, the researchers provided evidence of their expertise. There were four interviewers, two of whom were graduate students. These graduate students are noted to have received eight hours of special training for collecting data, while the other two were highly experienced in quantitative and qualitative research. Results of the interviews conducted are proof that these interviews were competent to conduct the research. Notably, the average time spent during the first interview was 107 minutes, while the second interview was scheduled within one to three weeks after the first interview. The second interview averaged one hour. It is noted that this duration was enough because it allowed an opportunity to clarify points.
Subsequently, coherent steps were taken to ensure conformability and credibility of the analysis and results. Based on the methodology used, data analysis plan was suitable for the research tradition. Additionally, all these methods were coherently described in the article, and the imperative model was displayed to communicate coherent processes.
Questionnaires and re used to collect data where interviewees filled the questionnaires based on the questions they were asked. There was a clear rationale used in data collection. Similarly, the methods used to collect data for the qualitative approach were appropriate and rational because the recording procedures were satisfactorily described. Subsequently, the all the methods used to collect data appropriate and well described in the article. The researchers were keen to describe and discuss assurance of rigor including dependability, and credibility, transferability, and integrity. Therefore, this resulted to adequate description of the methods used in the methodology.
Findings of this research were appropriate and in accordance with the study. Additionally, these findings were placed in the right context of what MS entails. Findings of this research are comprehensive and detailed as they give an authentic, insightful, and meaningful picture. Therefore, the initial purpose of the study has been addressed at length. Therefore, the purpose of the study achieved because all social experiences of individuals aging with MS were explored. To sum up the research paper, the conclusion has entailed everything stated in the research question including the implications (Fong 1). Subsequently, the implications of the clinical practice and process were fully discussed in the conclusion. The conclusion has showed ways in which social experiences of older persons with MS are influenced by values and expectations, experience of MS, and social needs. On the other hand, the participants described distinct concerns regarding aging, which included the future adequacy of support.
Fong, Terry, Marcia Finlayson, and Nadine Peacock. “The social experience of aging with a chronic illness: Perspectives of older adults with multiple sclerosis.” Disability & Rehabilitation 28.11 (2006): 695-705.